Field Adaptation for Watermelon Cultivation under Shallow Ground Water Table in Tidal Lowland Reclamation Area

Momon Sodik Imanudin, Satria JP, Bakri Bakri, M. Edi Armanto



  • Agriculture productivity of tidal lowland reclamation areas in South Sumatra is still low. It leads to the increasing of agricultural land conversion into plantation areas. Controlling the water table is the main factor in the tidal lowlands; this research aimed to develop micro drainage system in tertiary block for controlling water table under wet condition. Watermelon was used as a crop indicator and planted in mid- March 2015. The location of the research was in a tidal lowland agriculture with land typology B, where the tide can only be as irrigation during the rainy season. The method of this research was surveying and monitoring. Groundwater observation, measurement value hydraulic conductivity and land drainage applications were included in the field activities. The design of land drainage used an intensive shallow drainage concept; the effect of the depth of the water table to water status was evaluated by the UPFLOW model. A micro drainage on tertiary block was used by 8 m drain spacing, with channel depth of 20 cm. The results showed that the tertiary gate operation was maximum drainage option. The water table depth was 25 cm in soil depth.The watermelon crops grew well and production reached 20 t ha-1



water melon;drainage;tidal lowland

Full Text:



Aswandi, Susanto, R.H., Saleh, E., Abdillah, M.R, Iskandar. 2017. Simulation of CO2 Emission and Land Subsidence in Reclaimed Tidal Peat Swamp in Berbak Delta, Jambi, Indonesia. International Journal of GEOMATE, Jan., 2017, Vol. 12, Issue 29, pp. 186 - 194

Antonelli, J., Lindino, C. A., Santos, R. F., de Souza, S. N. M., Nadaletti, W. C., Cremonez, P., & Rossi, E. (2015). Sunflower culture response under different water table depths. Food, Agriculture and Environment, 13(2), 259-261. Retrieved from

Asri, A. C., Sutanto, A., & Ruslanjari, D. (2012). Studi komparatif pendapatan petani semangka dan petani padi (Studi kasus Desa Pilang dan Desa Sidodadi Kecamatan Masaran Kabupaten Sragen) [Comparative study of farmer income of watermelon and farmers rice (Case study Pilang Village and Village Sidodadi Masaran District of Sragen]. Jurnal Bumi Indonesia, 1(3), 156-162. Retrieved from

Ayars, J. E., Christen, E. W., Soppe, R. W., & Meyer, W. S. (2006). The resource potential of in-situ shallow ground water use in irrigated agriculture: A review. Irrigation Science, 24(3), 147–160.

Barzegar, T. , Hadi. L., Vali. R., Zahra. G., and Jafar. N. 2017. Effect of water-deficit stress on fruit yield, antioxidant activity, and some physiological traits of four Iranian melon genotypes. Iranian Journal of Horticultural Science. 13(25), 13-25. http:DOI: 10.22059/ijhs.2017.63643

Bonaiti, G., & Borin, M. (2010). Efficiency of controlled drainage and subirrigation in reducing nitrogen losses from agricultural fields. Agricultural Water Management, 98(2), 343–352.

Erdem, Y., Erdem, T., Orta, A., & Okursoy, H. (2005). Irrigation scheduling for watermelon with crop water stress index (CWSI). Journal of Central Europian Agriculture, 6(4), 449 – 460. Retrieved from

Helmers, M., Christianson, R., Brenneman, G., Lockett, D., & Pederson, C. (2012). Water table, drainage, and yield response to drainage water management in southeast Iowa. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 67(6), 495–501.

Imanudin, M. S., Armanto, M. E., Susanto, R. H., & Bernas, S. T. (2010). Water status evaluation on tertiary block for developing land use pattern and water management strategies in acid sulfat soil of saleh tidal lowland reclamation areas of South Sumatera. AGRIVITA Journal of Agricultural Science, 32(3), 241-253.

Nosetto, N. D., Jobbágy, E. G., Jackson, R. B., & Sznaider, G. A. (2009). Reciprocal influence of crops and shallow ground water in sandy landscapes of the Inland Pampas. Field Crops Research, 113(2), 138-148.

Raes, D., de Nys, E., & Deproost, P. (2002). UPFLOW, a model to assess water and salt movement from a shallow water table to the topsoil. Paper presented at Proceedings of the Actes de l’atelier du PCSI, Montpellier, France, 28-29 may (pp. 1-9). Retrieved from

Schultz. B. 2016. Impacts of man-Induced Changes in Land use and Climate Change on Living in Coastal and Deltaic Areas. Paper presented in the Workshop on Environmental Impacts and Sustainable Management of Tidal Lowland Areas. 3 October 2013, Mardin, .Turkey.

Udom, I. J. Ugwuishiwu, B.O, Uram, R.I. 2013. Groundwater Contribution to Crop Water Requirement of Waterleaf (Talinum Triangulare) in Oxisols of South-South Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Technology (NIJOTECH) Vol. 32. No. 3. November 2013, pp. 424 – 432

Zhu. G., Xu.X., Wang, H., Li., Feng, Z. 2017. The ecological cost of land reclamation and its enlightenment to coast sustainable development in the northwestern Bohai Bay, China. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. 36(4). Pp 97-104.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License 
Journal of Wetlands Environmental Management is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. ISSN: 2354-5844 (print version) and 2477-5223 (electronic version). joomla site stats View My Stats